The earliest recorded boogie-woogie song was in 1916. 8th Note Triplets. A key to identifying the geographical area in which boogie-woogie originated is understanding the relationship of boogie-woogie music with the steam railroad, both in the sense of how the music might have been influenced by sounds associated with the arrival of steam locomotives as well as the cultural impact the sudden emergence of the railroad might have had. "Albert Ammons and Meade 'Lux' Lewis claim that 'The Fives,' [copyrighted in 1921 and published in 1922] the Thomas brothers' musical composition, deserves much credit for the development of modern boogie-woogie. All rights reserved. "[18] On February 12, 2007, Oliver confirmed to John Tennison that it was Sippie Wallace who told Oliver that performances by East Texas pianists had formed the basis for George Thomas's "Hop Scop Blues".[19]. [14] From the primitive to the complex, those identifications indicate that the most primitive form of the music was associated with Marshall, Texas – and that the left-hand bass lines grew more complex as the distance from Marshall increased. It’s based on ostinato bass figures in 8/8 time, and mostly uses the 12-bar blues harmonic scheme. I wasn't born, so I only had an image of this song completely. Although the "Texas Western" Railroad Company changed its name to "Southern Pacific", Sullivan said the name "Texas Western" stuck among the slaves who constructed the first railway hub in northeast Texas from Swanson's Landing to the city of Marshall.[14]. Keep in mind that boogie woogie is not only a genre of music but it was also a popular dance the emerged in barrelhouses in the late 1800s and peaked in popularity in the early 1940s. Sullivan said that "Fast Western" and "Fast Texas" were terms that derived from the "Texas Western" Railroad Company of Harrison County. 4 is another type of boogie intro, this time in F. In contrast to Ex. For the most part, boogie-woogie tunes are twelve-bar blues, although the style has been applied to popular songs such as "Swanee River" and hymns such as "Just a Closer Walk with Thee". “The problem with the piano is that you can’t bend notes on it like you can on other instruments, explains Axel Zwingenberger. In the previous lessons, we have explored the history, style, basslines, voicings, rhythms, & turnarounds. Some of the earliest and most influential were Big Maceo Merriweather and Sunnyland Slim. The most primitive of these left hand bass lines is the one that was called "the Marshall". Boogie-Woogie Riffs & Licks. This example shows that it’s essential to have a feeling for melody as well rhythm and harmony to play boogie-woogie properly. Some of the players he heard were Dave Alexander, who recorded for Decca in 1937 as "Black Ivory King,"[9] and a piano player called Pine Top (not Pine Top Smith, who was not born until 1904, but possibly Pine Top Williams or Pine Top Hill. It started with a piano and from there, grew to be paired with certain instruments and eventually bands. Neverthless, we are indebted to the carefree spirits that helped develop one of the most charming of all Boogie-woogie styles. The popularity of the Carnegie Hall concerts meant work for many of the fellow boogie players and also led to the adaptation of boogie-woogie sounds to many other forms of music. Ex. And this time, she changed the whole image It has been suggested that this downturn in pitch reveals a possible New Orleans influence. At these gatherings the ragtime and blues boys could easily tell from what section of the country a man came, even going so far as to name the town, by his interpretation of a piece."[13]. Improvisation is an essential aspect of boogie-woogie, as it is an essential aspect in all of the music in this lineage… blues, rhythm and blues, rock and roll, and of course jazz, which has taken musical improvisation into the highest manifestation. "[3], Paul Oliver also wrote that George W. Thomas "composed the theme of the New Orleans Hop Scop Blues – in spite of its title – based on the blues he had heard played by the pianists of East Texas. One notable country boogie from this period was the Delmore Brothers "Freight Train Boogie", considered to be part of the combined evolution of country music and blues towards rockabilly. In a typical boogie piano solo, every new chorus will introduce a different melodic idea based on the abstract blues scheme, thus challenging the player’s imagination. Early generation boogie-woogie players recognized basic boogie-woogie bass lines by geographical locations with which they associated them. In the many styles of blues, especially Chicago blues and (more recently) West Coast blues, some pianists and guitarists were influenced by, and employed, the traditional boogie-woogie styles. This example shows that it’s essential to have a feeling for melody as well rhythm and harmony to play boogie-woogie properly. Boogie-Woogie Scales & Improvisation Compositional credit is given to Richard M. Jones. Claude Bolling – Original Boogie Woogie for piano. In 1943, Morton Gould composed Boogie-Woogie Etude for classical pianist José Iturbi, who premiered and recorded it that year. [7] Jefferson may have heard the term from Huddie "Lead Belly" Ledbetter, who played frequently with Jefferson. Lee Hancock, Dallas Morning News, June 18, 2010. In 1948 Arthur Smith achieved Top 10 US country chart success with his MGM Records recordings of "Guitar Boogie" and "Banjo Boogie", with the former crossing over to the US pop chart, introducing many people to the potential of the electric guitar. The chord progressions are typically based on I–IV–V–I (with many formal variations of it, such as I/i–IV/iv–v/I, as well as chords that lead into these ones). Boogie-woogie is mainly defined by specific basslines, which we’ll talk about and demonstrate in this video. The city of Marshall, Texas is committed to cooperating with any and all efforts to unearth boogie-woogie history and to honor, celebrate, and re-create the vibrant environment that was catalytic to the creation of the most entertaining, revolutionary, and influential of all American musical forms. !You're about the learn the DEFINITIVE Boogie Woogie bassline. Learn how and when to remove this template message, "TEXAS WESTERN RAILROAD | The Handbook of Texas Online| Texas State Historical Association (TSHA)", "JEFFERSON, TX (MARION COUNTY) | The Handbook of Texas Online| Texas State Historical Association (TSHA)", https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Boogie-woogie&oldid=1006266941, Articles needing additional references from November 2017, All articles needing additional references, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, West African word "Bogi" (which means "to dance"), This page was last edited on 11 February 2021, at 23:42. Now when this new form of piano music came from Texas, it moved out towards Louisiana. "[17], In the 1986 television broadcast of Britain's The South Bank Show about boogie-woogie, music historian Paul Oliver noted: "Now the conductors were used to the logging camp pianists clamoring aboard, telling them a few stories, jumping off the train, getting into another logging camp, and playing again for eight hours, barrel house. 85-064,442, Filed 6-16-2010). BA1 1UA. Keyboard Magazine Boogie-woogie is credited with helping to create the styles of rhythm and blues and subsequently rock ’n’ roll, which imported its signature eight-to-the-bar feel. Blind Lemon Jefferson used the term "Booga Rooga" to refer to a guitar bass figure that he used in "Match Box Blues". That means it tends to be fast and upbeat, with a light-hearted spirit. The main feature of it is a very active left hand. The Andrews Sisters sang some boogies, and after the floodgates were open, it was expected that every big band should have one or two boogie numbers in their repertoire. Learn Boogie Woogie Piano, 2nd Edition by Colin Davey and Frank Poloney: Endorsed by the world's top boogie, blues and jazz piano experts, this book contains everything you need to know to play boogie woogie piano. They often played in combinations of two and even three pianos, creating a richly textured piano performance. Big Joe Duskin displayed on his 1979 album, Cincinnati Stomp, a command of piano blues and boogie-woogie, which he had absorbed at first hand in the 1940s from Albert Ammons and Pete Johnson. England and Wales company registration number 2008885. While standard blues traditionally expresses a variety of emotions, boogie-woogie is mainly associated with dancing. ブギウギ ピアニスト レディバ When you think of boogie-woogie, you probably think of the early post-war years of the Showa era. 2) concluded that "Fast Western" was the first term by which boogie-woogie was known. During the 1920s, many pianists featured this number as a 'get off' tune and in the variations played what is now considered boogie-woogie."[20]. Ex. 1. © No piano skills necessary. Originally, piano players accompanied themselves by playing this bassline with their left hand. "Roll 'Em Pete" is now considered to be an early rock and roll song. You’ll be rewarded with a firm foundation for your right-hand improvisations. 21st-century commentators have also noted the characteristics of boogie-woogie in the third variation of the second movement of Ludwig van Beethoven's Piano Sonata No. It was closely followed by another example of pure boogie-woogie, "Honky Tonk Train Blues" by Meade Lux Lewis, recorded by Paramount Records(1927), first released in March 1930. MusicRadar is part of Future plc, an international media group and leading digital publisher. It was eventually extended from piano, to piano duo and trio, guitar, big band, country and western music, and gospel. It was also crucial to the rapid migration of the musical style from the rural barrel house camps to the cities and towns served by the Texas and Pacific Railway Company. Also, "In Houston, Dallas, and Galveston—all Negro piano players played that way. The bass line is played in octaves as a “walking bass,” and is based on the three basic chord tones. It was brought by people like George W. Thomas, an early pianist who was already living in New Orleans by about 1910 and writing "New Orleans Hop Scop Blues", which really has some of the characteristics of the music that we came to know as Boogie. )[8][10] Lead Belly was among the first guitar-players to adapt the rolling bass of boogie-woogie piano. In January 2010, John Tennison summarized his research into the origins of boogie-woogie with the conclusion that Marshall, Texas is "the municipality whose boundaries are most likely to encompass or be closest to the point on the map which is the geographic center of gravity for all instances of Boogie Woogie performance between 1870 and 1880". "LAZY" BOOGIE "Lazy" Boogie is "Walking" Boogie in triple rhythm. These three pianists, with Turner, took up residence in the Café Society night club in New York City where they were popular with the sophisticated set. "Boogie" next occurs in the title of Wilbur Sweatman's April 1917 recording of "Boogie Rag". There was a problem. And all the Old-time Texans, black or white, are agreed that boogie piano players were first heard in the lumber and turpentine camps, where nobody was at home at all. Tennison states: "Given the account of Elliot Paul, and given that Lead Belly witnessed boogie-woogie in 1899 in the Arklatex; and given the North to South migration of the Thomas family; and given the Texas & Pacific headquarters in Marshall in the early 1870s; and given that Harrison County had the largest slave population in the state of Texas; and given the fact that the best-documented and largest-scale turpentine camps in Texas did not occur until after 1900 in Southeast Texas, it is most probable that boogie-woogie spread from Northeast to Southeast Texas, rather than from Southeast to Northeast Texas, or by having developed diffusely with an even density over all of the Piney Woods of East Texas. Boogie-woogie is still to be heard in clubs and on records throughout Europe and North America. It keeps the beat, it plays the bass line, and it establishes the groove. Boogie-woogie is a style of piano-based blues that became very popular in the late … Boogie-woogie is characterized by a regular left-hand bass figure, which is transposed following the chord changes. Povel Ramel's first hit in 1944 was Johanssons boogie-woogie-vals where he mixed boogie-woogie with waltz. Lee Ree Sullivan identified a number of these left hand bass lines for Tennison in 1986. Additional citations place the origins of boogie-woogie in the Piney Woods of northeast Texas. The short downward glissandi at the end of bars 3 and 6 are executed by holding the top note with your little finger and letting your other fingers roll onto the remaining notes. Beginning with the formation of the Texas Western Railroad Company in Marshall, Texas, through the subsequent establishment in 1871 of the Texas and Pacific Railway company, which located its headquarters and shops there, Marshall was the only railroad hub in the Piney Woods of northeast Texas at the time the music developed. The opening tonic chords (with added seventh extensions), alternate with diminished C chords to impart harmonic variety.

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