List of aircraft of Italy in World War II, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Fiat_G.55&oldid=993938596, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 3 × 20 mm MG 151/20s, one engine-mounted (250 rounds) and two wing-mounted (200 rpg), 2 × 12.7 mm Breda-SAFAT machine guns in the upper engine cowling (300 rpg), Provision for 2 × 160 kg (353 lb) bombs on underwing racks (N.B. Also, the Junkers formations can vary. Indirizzo Via Iseo, 6/A 25030 Erbusco (BS) Italy. Strikers 1945 Wiki is a FANDOM Games Community. In the same time, some Luftwaffe officers visited Guidonia where they were particularly interested in the performance promised by the Serie 5 fighters. The G.55s and the sole Argentine G.59 of Grupo 2 de Caza of the Argentine Air Force attempted to defect to the rebel forces, flying to the Punta Indio Naval Air Base. … Take your favorite fandoms with you and never miss a beat. The trials showed that the Centauro was the 2nd best performer overall, and it won the tender set by the Regia Aeronautica. The first Centauro to see operational use was the third prototype. Add to Cart: Details. The Fiat factory, in Turin under German control, continued production for about six months. Also its powerful armament, along with the generous ammunition supply (the G.55 had 250 rounds of 20 mm ammunition in the centerline cannon as opposed to 120 rounds in the Re.2005) standardized in the production Serie I, was sufficient to bring down US heavy bombers. The Fiat G.56 in Strikers 1945 Plus Portable. The G.55/S shared the same gun layout as the G.55/I, with the three MG 151/20s and the two Breda-SAFAT machine guns. Il Fiat G.56 era un aereo da caccia ad ala bassa a sbalzo realizzato dalla Fiat, progettato dall'ing. 20 G.59-4As and ten G.59-4Bs were produced by Italy. Green, William and Gordon Swanborough, eds. As there was still a demand for the aircraft, it was decided to convert the type to use the more readily available Rolls-Royce Merlin engine, with the first conversion flying in early 1948. Vrchlického 1005/57, 460 14 Liberec [17] Only 19 of the 34 commissioned aircraft were built, and six of them were converted to the Serie I standard at the factory. Aircraft in this series were given alphanumeric designations ending in the number "2". Of these, only one was flown to South Italy to join the Italian Co-Belligerent Air Force (a second G.55, MM.91150, was obtained by the Allies in summer 1944, when test pilot, Serafino Agostini, defected with an escaped British POW, an RAF officer, sitting on his knees. The Fiat G.55 Centauro (Italian: "Centaur") was a single-engine single-seat World War II fighter aircraft used by the Regia Aeronautica and the A.N.R. Stinson L-5 / OY-1 part II. Tags 1:144 Fighter WWII Italy. Visibility was noted as excellent thanks to the raised cockpit and spacious canopy while her engine made her a stellar performer when pitted against her Allied contemporaries. [21] Performance was excellent, the aircraft proving superior to both the Bf 109K and Bf 109G and Fw 190A, outmaneuvering [3] all types in testing. Az egyik leghatékonyabb légcsavaros vadász az olasz fejlesztési ágon a War Thunderben. Fiat G.56: Improved Energy Fighter 14 July 2017 Event Attention! This news was published on the old version of the website. Dimensions: 8.2 x 6.23 x 2.49 cm. Of the Serie 5 fighters, the Centauro showed the best high-altitude performance, due to its large wing surface area. Two of the Luftwaffe G.55's remained in Turin, at the Aeritalia plants, where they were used by German and Italian engineers to study the planned modifications and the possible optimizations to the production process. Two prototypes were built, flight tests starting in March 1944. Fiat G.56 is one of the playable aircraft in Strikers 1945 series. The airframe was only slightly revised and the fuselage machine guns were dropped to save weight and allow for more internal space. The interest in the G.55 program was still high after the Armistice. [3] By comparison, the Germans produced 35,000 Bf 109s.[7]. The Fiat G.55 Centauro (Italian: "Centaur") was a single-engine single-seat World War II fighter aircraft used by the Regia Aeronautica and the A.N.R. The Centauro entered in service with the ANR; a decision was made to produce 500 G.55s, of which 300 were G.55/I and 200 G.55/II Serie II, armed with five 20 mm MG 151/20s and no machine guns (one in the centerline, two in the upper cowling, two in the wings). It was available in two versions, the G.55A, a single-seat fighter/advanced trainer, and the G.55B, a two-seat advanced trainer, whose prototypes flew on 5 September 1946 and 12 February 1946 respectively. Pilots were delighted when they began to receive the new fighter in summer 1943.[15]. … The G.55/S prototype survived the war and, after being converted back to the Serie I standard, it became the first G.55 to be delivered to the newly formed Aeronautica Militare Italiana (AMI). Fiat g.56, caccia tedesco Seconda Guerra Mondiale. No idea when gaijin is going to pull their finger out though. Fiat G.55 Centauro - fighter, photo, technical data, development history. In May, the G.55 followed the unit to Capoterra, near Cagliari having its baptism of fire on 5 June 1943, against Allied aircraft attacking Sardinia. Customers who bought this product also purchased... F-86F Sabre over Spain part I. Macchi C. 202 Luftwaffe. Dec 12, 2014 - Fiat G.55 In practice, the G.55 proved a strong airframe able to withstand a good deal of punishment and get her airmen back home. It still not exactly known how many "Centauros" were eventually requisitioned by the Luftwaffe or those acquired by ANR. In addition to excellent JR’s description an unusual frontal view of the Fiat G.56. Fiat G.56. The Fiat G.50 Freccia ("Arrow") was a World War II Italian fighter aircraft developed and manufactured by aviation company Fiat.Upon entering service, the type became Italy’s first single-seat, all-metal monoplane that had an enclosed cockpit and retractable undercarriage. Product Description. [5], During its short operational service, mostly under the Repubblica Sociale Italiana insignia, after the 8 September 1943 armistice, this powerful, robust and fast aircraft proved itself to be an excellent interceptor at high altitude. In December 1942, a technical commission of the Regia Aeronautica was invited by the Luftwaffe to test some German aircraft in Rechlin. ", This page was last edited on 13 December 2020, at 07:48. Sep 20, 2018 - This Pin was discovered by Klaus Sirén. your own Pins on Pinterest €49,00. While the war still raging on in early 1944, Fiat fitted a pair of G.55 prototypes with Daimler-Benz DB 603A series engines under the new designation of "G.56". [14] Áttekintés 1942 decemberében az olasz repülőgépgyártók türelmesen várták a híreket amik végül… There still is no exact data about the G.55's captured by the Luftwaffe or acquired by Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana. The suggestion of weapons in the wings, limited to one 20 mm gun for each wing, originated the final configuration of the Serie I, while the DB 603 engine was successfully installed in what became the G.56 prototype. Early production of G.55 required about 15,000 man-hours; while there were estimates to reduce the effort to about 9,000 man-hours, the well-practiced German factories were able to assemble a Bf 109 in only 5,000 man-hours. [23], The production of these orders for G.55s for Italy and Argentina caused the available stocks of the Italian licence-built version of the DB 605 engine to run short. The G.55 prototype reached 620 km/h (390 mph), fully loaded, and without using WEP (war emergency power), at 7,000 m (22,970 ft). In particular the coupling of G.56’s airframe with the Rolls-Royce Merlin engine was employed like prototype of successfully series of G.59, single and two seat advanced trainer, the last follower of fighter monoplanes designed for Fiat by Giuseppe Gabrielli. První prototyp vzlétl 28. The tests began 20 February 1943 with the German commission very impressed by the Italian aircraft, the G.55 in particular. An icon used to represent a menu that can be toggled by interacting with this icon. Egyptian and Syrian aircraft used machine guns in the wings instead of cannon). The Fiat G.56 was a fighter aircraft that combined the fuselage of the successful G.55 Centauro with a 1,750hp Daimbler Benz DB 603A to produce the fastest Italian fighter aircraft of the Second World War. The DB 603 engines were used to build the G.56 prototypes. Sep 17, 2020 - Explore Robert Miner's board "Fiat G.55" on Pinterest. Only two were ever built. Such aircraft, based near the Italian coast, could potentially have an operational range of 300–400 km (190–250 mi), would be capable of carrying a 680 kg (1,500 lb) torpedo (a shorter and more compact version of a weapon carried by the SM.79) at relatively high speed, would also be better able to evade enemy fighters and/or combat them on equal terms. [13] A total of 148 G.55s were delivered to the ANR and, when the factory was captured, 37 more examples were ready, while 73 were still on the production line, in various degrees of completion. A parody of. Two prototypes were built, flight tests starting in March 1944. Aircraft powered by this new engine became the "Serie 5", and all had alphanumeric designations ending in the number "5" (Macchi C.205, Reggiane Re.2005, Fiat G.55). It only appears in Strikers 1945 Plus. The Fiat G.56 was essentially a Fiat G.55 with a larger German Daimler-Benz DB 603 engine. By late 1942 the aging Sparviero was facing continually improving Allied fighters and anti aircraft defences, leading to the Italian general staff exploring the idea of using well-powered, single-engined heavy fighters to deliver torpedoes – a concept known later as the "torpedo fighter". This layout soon proved to be troublesome, both for rearming and for the servicing of the lower cowling mounted machine guns: for this reason, the two lower machine guns were removed, and replaced with a 20 mm MG 151/20 in each wing, in the later production series, the Serie 1 (for a total of three cannon and two 12.7mm machine guns, although this varied; some had machine guns in the wings instead of cannon). By 1939, all the main Italian aircraft factories had begun designing a new series of fighter, with inline engines as opposed to the radial engines that powered the Italian fighters in early World War II. They had a different weapon layout, as stated above, with the two lower cowling machine guns moved into the wings. Nový letoun byl postaven na základě Fiatu G.55, jehož trup byl prodloužen a zesílen do takto upraveného trupu byl vestavěn výkonný motor Daimler-Benz 603A. The Fiat G.55 was arguably the best type produced in Italy during World War II,[3] (a subjective claim also frequently made for the Macchi C.205 Veltro as well as for the Reggiane Re.2005 Sagittario) but it did not enter production until 1943,[4] when, after comparative tests against the Messerschmitt Bf 109G and the Focke-Wulf 190, the Luftwaffe itself regarded the Fiat G.55 as "the best Axis fighter". Of these, 26 were single-seaters (designated G.59-2A) and the remaining 4 two-seaters (G.59-2B). The G.55 was again tested at Rechlin at the presence of Milch. [19] The commission was led by Oberst Petersen and was formed by Luftwaffe officers and pilots and by technical personnel, among them the Flugbaumeister Malz. However, events in the war and the not yet optimized production process were the reasons for which the G.55 program was eventually abandoned by the Luftwaffe. You can indirectly control these Junkers by moving your plane; the Junkers will line up to your vertical position on the screen by moving horizontally. By doing so, Fiat was able to build up on the good performance of the G.55 and make it even better. About 18 aircraft were expropriated by the ANR while 12–20 (possibly as many as 42, according to some official reports) were requisitioned by the Germans.[10]. The C.205V was good at low and medium altitudes, fast and with good diving characteristics but its performance dropped considerably over 8,000 m (26,250 ft), particularly in handling. On 21 March 1943, the aircraft was assigned to 20° Gruppo (squadron), 51° Stormo (wing) CT, based at Roma-Ciampino, for operational evaluation. The production version, named Serie I, had the standard armament of three 20 mm MG 151/20s and two 12.7 mm (.5 in) Breda-SAFAT machine guns, plus two underwing hardpoints, allowing it to carry either two bombs (up to 160 kg/350 lb), or two drop tanks (100 L/26 US Gal). This was partially remedied by a slight offset positioning of the vertical stabilizer to counteract engine torque. [22] In September 1951, units of the Argentine Navy and Army attempted a military coup against the government of Juan Perón. The G.56 is a rank IV Italian fighter with a battle rating of 6.0 (AB) and 5.7 (RB/SB). On 8 September 1943, the date of Armistice, the Regia Aeronautica had received 35 G.55s. The two first pre-production series flew, respectively, on 10 April and in May 1943. Kampfflieger models $ 13.00. The only negative assessment noted by G.55 pilots was the pronounced left-hand yawing at takeoff due to the powerful engine torque. We keep asking for this, the mc205 and the re2002. 1/144 Fiat G.56. This engine was the only major change from G.55/I specification, yet it … It was designed and built in Turin by Fiat. The final versions were the G.59-4A single-seater and G.59-4B two-seater, which were fitted with bubble canopies for improved visibility. 500 new profiles every month. Other visits were organized in Germany during March and May 1943 in Rechlin and Berlin. The newsfeed doesn't contain any items. Handling was reportedly excellent as well and made for a superior dogfighting platform The Macchi C.202's performance decreased above 8,000 m (26,250 ft), the typical altitude of the bombers and its light armament of two 12.7 mm (.5 in) and two 7.7mm (.31 in) machine guns was hardly adequate to bring down heavy bombers. 43.000+ plastic … [10][11]), From that date on, the Centauro served with the Aeronautica Nazionale Repubblicana (ANR), the air force of the new fascist state created in North Italy by Mussolini, with the assistance of the Germans. Only one of them flew to southern Italy, accepting the invitation of Maresciallo d'Italia Pietro Badoglio to surrender to Allied forces. Irreplaceable reference for modelers and aviation fans. Particularly, the G.55 was bigger and heavier and was considered a very good candidate for the new, significantly larger and more powerful DB 603 engine, which was considered too large to fit in the Bf 109's airframe. Later, after the G.57 project was dropped, and given the ANR's continuing need for an aircraft that could replace the SM.79, the ANR engineers undertook the task of converting the Centauro for the torpedo attack role.