letteralmente soldi o piombo (sì, quello delle pallottole). [75], Escobar's sister, Luz Maria Escobar, also made multiple gestures in attempts to make amends for the drug baron's crimes. Pablo reconstructed the airplane from the scrap parts that were left and later hung it above the gate to his ranch at Hacienda Nápoles. [18] In the early 1970s, prior to entering the drug trade, Escobar acted as a thief and bodyguard, allegedly earning US$100,000 by kidnapping and holding a Medellín executive for ransom. [22], Roberto Escobar maintains Pablo fell into the drug business simply because other types of contraband became too dangerous to traffic. pablo escobar la sua storia pablo emilio escobar gaviria È stato un criminale colombiano, il piÙ noto e ricco trafficante di cocaina di sempre nel 1983 ha avuto una breve carriera politica conosciuto anche come re della cocaina, È considerato come il criminale piÙ ricco della storia, con un patrimonio stimato di oltre 30 miliardi di dollari. Pablo Escobar frente a la Casa Blanca. [73], Argentinian filmmaker Nicolas Entel's documentary Sins of My Father (2009) chronicles Marroquín's efforts to seek forgiveness, on behalf of his father, from the sons of Rodrigo Lara, Colombia's justice minister who was assassinated in 1984, as well as from the sons of Luis Carlos Galán, the presidential candidate who was assassinated in 1989. From 1978 to 1982, this was used as a central smuggling route for the Medellín Cartel. [20] He is known to have had a bank deposit of COL 100 million (more than US$3 million), when he turned 26.[21]. This act was controversial, as it was suspected that Escobar and other drug lords had influenced members of the Constituent Assembly in passing the law. The building was initially built for Escobar's wife but was gutted by a Cali Cartel car bomb in 1988 and had remained unoccupied ever since, becoming an attraction to foreign tourists seeking out Escobar's physical legacy. The property has been converted into a theme park surrounded by four luxury hotels overlooking the zoo. "[30] In 1989, Forbes magazine estimated Escobar to be one of 227 billionaires in the world with a personal net worth of approaching US$3 billion[31] while his Medellín Cartel controlled 80% of the global cocaine market. As a result, he quickly became one of the richest people in the world,[3][4] but consistently battled rival cartels domestically and abroad, leading to massacres and the murders of police officers, judges, locals, and prominent politicians,[5] making Colombia the murder capital of the world.[6]. [32] It is commonly believed that Escobar was the principal financier behind Medellín's Atlético Nacional, which won South America's most prestigious football tournament, the Copa Libertadores, in 1989. The group was financed by his rivals and former associates, including the Cali Cartel and right-wing paramilitaries led by Carlos Castaño, who would later fund the Peasant Self-Defense Forces of Córdoba and Urabá. [86] In 2018, National Geographic published another article on the hippos which found disagreement among environmentalists on whether they were having a positive or negative impact, but that conservationists and locals - particularly those in the tourism industry - were mostly in support of their continued presence. Pablo Escobar (Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria), uno dei piu grandi narcotrafficanti di droga dal 1975 agli anni novanti, viene raccontato in questa serie tv, dalla sua infanzia fino al suo declino. They were deemed too difficult to seize and move after Escobar's death, and hence left on the untended estate. Fu la stessa rivista Forbes a inserire Pablo Escobar nella lista dei. [67] According to her son, Henao fell in love with Escobar "because of his naughty smile [and] the way he looked at [her]. Ultimately, authorities were unable to link her funds to illegal activity, and she was released. The relationship was discouraged by the Henao family, who considered Escobar socially inferior; the pair eloped. Da ieri sono disponibili su Netflix le puntate della seconda stagione di Narcos, la serie tv che racconta vita e morti (senza miracoli) del narcotrafficante più famoso del mondo, Pablo Escobar. All’ inizio degl… ", "Venezuelan actor Edgar Ramirez to Play PABLO ESCOBAR", "Joe Carnahan Is Going to Be Killing a New Pablo, and We Know Who It Is", "Javier Bardem on Playing Pablo Escobar With Penelope Cruz in, "Mugshots | Pablo Escobar – Hunting the Druglord", "Telemundo Media's 'Pablo Escobar, El Patron del Mal' Averages Nearly 2.2 Million Total Viewersby zap2it.com", "New on Netflix August 2015: From Narcos and Spellbound to Kick Ass 2 and Dinotrux", "Ex-DEA agents who fought Pablo Escobar headline new NatGeo documentary", "Is Countdown to Death: Pablo Escobar (2017) on Netflix USA? Oggi la casa di Pablo Escobar a Miami, completamente rinnovata e persino benedetta da un prete (in caso servisse la protezione divina contro le vendette tardive), è di nuovo in vendita. Escobar was listed as a part of Los Extraditables. As demand for more and better cocaine increased, Escobar began working with Roberto Suárez Goméz, helping to further the product to other countries in the Americas and Europe, as well as being rumored to reach as far as Asia. Sebbene sia impossibile calcolare gli esatti guadagni di Pablo e della sua organizzazione, si calcola che in un anno il cartello di Medellìn fosse in grado di riscuotere dalla vendita di cocaina un totale di 22 miliardi di dollari. Pablo Escobar, El Patrón del Mal (2012) El patron del mal racconta la storia di Pablo Escobar (Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria), uno dei piu grandi narcotrafficanti di droga dal 1975 agli anni novanti, viene raccontato in questa serie tv, dalla sua infanzia fino al suo declino. Ma la follia del cartello non finisce qua, ogni mese l’organizzazione era costretta a spendere un totale di 2,500 dollari in fasce di plastica usate per impilare il denaro contante. [16] Escobar's son, Sebastián Marroquín, claims his father's foray into crime began with a successful practice of selling counterfeit high school diplomas,[4] generally counterfeiting those awarded by the Universidad Autónoma Latinoamericana of Medellín. Cosa faceva prima di diventare il re della cocaina, la storia del giorno in cui bruciò due milioni di dollari e il patrimonio incalcolabile Pablo Escobar, al secolo Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria, è stato il ‘nemico pubblico’ numero uno al mondo per diversi anni, nonché il Re della cocaina.Colombiano, è nato a Rionegro il 1º dicembre 1949 ed è morto a Medellín il 2 dicembre 1993. [81][82] As of early 2014, 40 hippos have been reported to exist in Puerto Triunfo, Antioquia, from the original four belonging to Escobar. El 80% del narcotráfico en el mundo era controlado por ese Cartel y en conjunto ganaban 22 billones de dólares al año . ¿Pero se sabe dónde está este dinero o a quien se lo dejó? [33], While seen as an enemy of the United States and Colombian governments, Escobar was a hero to many in Medellín, especially to the poor. Pablo Emilio Escobar, colombiano, è stato uno dei più noti e ricchi trafficanti di cocaina di tutti i tempi, con un patrimonio stimato di oltre 40 miliardi di dollari nei primi anni ’90. Beginning in 1975, Pablo started developing his cocaine operation, flying out planes several times, mainly between Colombia and Panama, along smuggling routes into the United States. The video was seen by 14 million people, and was instrumental for the reopened case of Galán's assassination. Some of them consider him a saint and pray to him for receiving divine help. [80][81] In 2009, two adults and one calf escaped the herd and, after attacking humans and killing cattle, one of the adults (called "Pepe") was killed by hunters under authorization of the local authorities. This article is about the Colombian drug lord. These include making public statements in the press, leaving letters on the graves of his victims and on the 20th anniversary of his death organizing a public memorial for his victims. Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria è famoso a livello mondiale per essere stato uno dei più grandi criminali della storia. According to his brother, Escobar did not purchase Norman's Cay; it was, instead, a sole venture of Lehder's. Pablo Escobar and María Victoria Henao Sebastián with his father in 1979 Juan Sebastián Marroquín Santos (born Juan Pablo Escobar Henao , Medellín, Colombia; 24 February 1977) [1] [2] is a Colombian architect , author , and the son of Colombian drug lord Pablo Escobar . The four-bedroom estate, built in 1948 on Biscayne Bay, was seized by the US federal government in the 1980s. Some of Escobar's relatives believe that he had committed suicide. [70][71][72] The judge ordered the seizing of assets for about $1m each. Oggi un pacco di 500 elastici costa 5 dollari. 2. Escobar's legacy remains controversial; while many denounce the heinous nature of his crimes, he was seen as a "Robin Hood-like" figure for many in Colombia, as he provided many amenities to the poor, while his killing was mourned and his funeral attended by over 25,000 people. "The Road to Italy: In the Shadow of the Drug Barons". All’apice del successo economico del cartello, “El Patron” – come veniva chiamato Escobar – guadagnava a settimana un totale di 420 milioni di dollari, facendo di lui il drug lord più ricco della storia della criminalità organizzata. ", "Pablo Escobar's six-floor apartment demolished in Medellin as symbol of rebirth", "What is actor Christian Bale doing next? [8] As a result, the Medellín Cartel crumbled, and in 1993, Escobar was killed in his hometown by Colombian National Police, a day after his 44th birthday.[9]. [57][58] These events led to further investigation into the siege that resulted with the conviction of a high-ranking former colonel and a former general, later sentenced to 30 and 35 years in prison, respectively, for the forced disappearance of the detained after the siege. abbia esposto le sottili differenze fra realtà e finzion. Suo padre, Abel, è un umile contadino che lavorava sodo, mentre sua madre Hermildaè un’insegnante di scuola. , la serie tv che racconta vita e morti (senza miracoli) del narcotrafficante più famoso del mondo, Pablo Escobar. As Powerful as you can screw Presidential Candidate. [53][54] On 24 July, a video in which Vallejo had accused Santofimio of instigating Escobar to eliminate presidential candidate Galán was aired by RCN Television of Colombia. Earlier in the campaign he was a candidate for the Liberal Renewal Movement, but had to leave it because of the firm opposition of Luis Carlos Galán, whose presidential campaign was supported by the Liberal Renewal Movement. Conosciuto come il re della cocaina,con il suo Cartello di Medellín controllava gran … Members of the Cali Cartel even replayed their recordings of her conversations with Pablo for their wives to demonstrate how a woman should behave. In March 1976, the 26-year-old Escobar married María Victoria Henao, who was 15. [46] A Colombian electronic surveillance team, led by Brigadier Hugo Martínez,[47] used radio trilateration technology to track his radiotelephone transmissions and found him hiding in Los Olivos, a middle-class barrio in Medellín. It is alleged that Escobar backed the 1985 storming of the Colombian Supreme Court by left-wing guerrillas from the 19th of April Movement, also known as M-19. In the 1982 parliamentary election, Escobar was elected as an alternate member of the Chamber of Representatives as part of the Liberal Alternative movement. Her statements prompted the reopening of the case in 2008; Vallejo was asked to testify, and many of the events she had described in her book and testimonial were confirmed by Colombia's Commission of Truth. On 31 August 2011 Santofimio was sentenced to 24 years in prison for his role in the crime.[55][56]. Iguarán acknowledged that, although Vallejo had contacted his office on 4 July, the judge had decided to close the trial on 9 July, several weeks before the prospective closing date. Sebbene qualche attento spettatore abbia esposto le sottili differenze fra realtà e finzione, la serie streaming ha il pregio di basarsi con cura su fatti realmente accaduti: prova ne è la mescolanza tra uno stile registico tipicamente televisivo e l’uso di girato d’epoca. Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria nasce il 1° dicembre 1949 nella cittadina di Rionegro, a 45 minuti da Medellín, in Colombia. Le 10 cose che non sapevate su Pablo Escobar. Before he gave himself up, the extradition of Colombian citizens to the United States had been prohibited by the newly approved Colombian Constitution of 1991. miliardari per sette anni di fila, dal 1987 al 1993. [44], Escobar also owned a huge Caribbean getaway on Isla Grande, the largest of the cluster of the 27 coral cluster islands comprising Islas del Rosario, located about 22 miles (35 km) from Cartagena. Per ricevere tutte le notizie da The Submarine, metti Mi piace su Facebook, e iscriviti al nostro gruppo. [79], Escobar kept four hippos in a private menagerie at Hacienda Nápoles. Tanto che ogni anno si affrontava una perdita di circa 2 miliardi (quasi il 10% dei guadagni) a causa di inondazioni o dalle banconote divorate dai topi – come scrive il banchiere di Pablo nel suo libro The Accountant’s Story: Inside the Violent World of the Medellìn Cartel. The Accountant’s Story: Inside the Violent World of the Medellìn Cartel, Google Arts & Culture omaggia Sergei Eisenstein, Valerian e la città dei mille pianeti, il ritorno di Luc Besson, La guerra di Trenord contro il degrado, cioè contro i poveri, Zittire i media e garantire impunità alla polizia: è la “Sicurezza Globale” secondo il governo francese, Il cashback di stato è l’ennesimo regalo ai ricchi, La ricandidatura di Sala, in una Milano sempre più disuguale, Come finisce The Turner Diaries, il vangelo dei suprematisti bianchi statunitensi, Alla fine il governo non è riuscito a “salvare il Natale”, Il Cpr di via Corelli dev’essere chiuso al più presto, La lotta della Casa delle Donne Lucha y Siesta non si ferma, Potenziare il sistema sanitario prima della terza ondata, Il disperato tentativo di Renzi di sembrare rilevante. In un'intervista del 2009 con la rivista Don Giovanni, il figlio di Escobar, Juan Pablo, 38 anni - che nel frattempo ha cambiato il suo nome in Sebastián Marroquín - ha descritto come era crescere in … [69] On 5 June 2018, the Argentine federal judge Nestor Barral accused her and her son, Sebastián Marroquín Santos, of money laundering with two Colombian drug traffickers. Los Pepes carried out a bloody campaign, fueled by vengeance, in which more than 300 of Escobar's associates, his lawyer[39] and relatives were slain, and a large amount of the Medellín cartel's property was destroyed. Through this, he was responsible for community projects, such as the construction of houses and football fields, which gained him popularity among the locals of the towns that he frequented. Smuggling 15 tons of cocaine per day, worth more than half a billion dollars, into the United States, the cartel spent over US$1,000 per week purchasing rubber bands to wrap the stacks of cash, storing most of it in their warehouses. Em 1989, chegou à sétima colocação no ranking. iscriviti al nostro canale Telegram By 2007, the animals had multiplied to 16 and had taken to roaming the area for food in the nearby Magdalena River. Se dice que la fortuna de Pablo escobar estaba entre los 9.000 y los 15.000 millones de dólares. After many months of legal wrangling, he ordered the murder of the two arresting officers, and the case was later dropped. [85] A report published in a Yale student magazine noted that local environmentalists are campaigning to protect the animals, although there is no clear plan for what will happen to them. He was a natural at public relations, and he worked to create goodwill among the poor of Colombia. [28] M-19 were paid to break into the Palace and burn all papers and files on Los Extraditables, a group of cocaine smugglers who were under threat of being extradited to the U.S. by the Colombian government. E poiché i ritmi di riciclaggio non erano sufficientemente veloci per lavare il denaro incassato, Pablo Escobar si trovò costretto a sfruttare la tecnica delle buche, ovvero seppellire in anonimi campi grandi quantità di denaro contante. Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria (/ˈɛskəbɑːr/; 1 December 1949 – 2 December 1993) was a Colombian drug lord and narcoterrorist who was the founder and sole leader of the Medellín Cartel. He was the third of seven children of the farmer Abel de Jesús Dari Escobar Echeverri (1910–2001),[13] with his wife Le frère de Pablo Escobar, El Osito (L’Ourson), a confié dans un entretien que le parrain « aurait donné un million de dollars pour payer la campagne de Fujimori. In 1976, Escobar founded the Medellín Cartel, which distributed powder cocaine, and established the first smuggling routes into the U.S. Escobar's infiltration into the U.S. created exponential demand for cocaine, and by the 1980s, it was estimated Escobar led monthly shipments of 70 to 80 tons of cocaine into the country from Colombia. Born in Rionegro and raised in Medellín, Escobar studied briefly at Universidad Autónoma Latinoamericana of Medellín, but left without graduating; he instead began engaging in criminal activity, selling illegal cigarettes and fake lottery tickets, as well as participating in motor vehicle theft. [9] Escobar suffered gunshots to the leg and torso, and a fatal gunshot through the ear. [10] Additionally, his private estate, Hacienda Nápoles, has been transformed into a theme park,[11] and he has been praised and criticized for importing hippopotamuses to Colombia. Pablo Escobar: Beyond Narcos (2016), by Shaun Attwood, tells the story of Pablo and the Medellin Cartel in the context of the failed War on Drugs; American Made: Who Killed Barry Seal? In the mid-1980s, at the height of its power, the Medellín Cartel was shipping as much as 11 tons per flight in jetliners to the United States (the biggest load shipped by Escobar was 51,000 pounds (23,000 kg) mixed with fish paste and shipped via boat, as confirmed by his brother in the book Escobar). 2) Cresciuto in un quartiere povero di Medellin, ha iniziato la sua carriera come un qualsiasi furfantello, rubando nei cimiteri, contrabbandando elettrodomestici e automobili. Segui the Submarine su Instagram e Twitter, On his first trip, Pablo bought a paltry 30 pounds (14 kg) of paste in what was noted as the first step towards building his empire. la prigione in cui si era auto confinato dopo l’accordo con il governo colombiano nel 1991 per evitare l’estradizione negli Stati Uniti. [43], In 2014, Roberto Escobar founded Escobar Inc with Olof K. Gustafsson and registered Successor-In-Interest rights for his brother Pablo Escobar in California, United States. They trained and advised a special Colombian police task force known as the Search Bloc, which had been created to locate Escobar. Escobar quickly became known internationally as his drug network gained notoriety; the Medellín Cartel controlled a large portion of the drugs that entered the United States (including Puerto Rico), Mexico, the Dominican Republic, Venezuela, and Spain. Video dell epoca in qui venne ucciso el Patron Pablo Emilio Escobar nella sua Medellín. It has never been proven who actually fired the final shot into his ear, or determined whether this shot was made during the gunfight or as part of a possible execution, with wide speculation remaining regarding the subject. Mayor Federico Gutierrez had been pushing to raze the building and erect in its place a park honoring the thousands of cartel victims, including four presidential candidates and some 500 police officers. The Robin Hood image that Escobar had cultivated maintained a lasting influence in Medellín. [34][35][27] He worked hard to cultivate his Robin Hood image and frequently distributed money through housing projects and other civic activities, which gained him notable popularity among the locals of the towns that he frequented. As there were no drug cartels then, and only a few drug barons, Pablo saw it as untapped territory he wished to make his own. 3) Los señores de la droga Pablo Escobar y José Gonzalo Rodríguez Gacha, alias El Mexicano, apostaron una vez 2 millones de dólares en un partido de fútbol. [29], During the height of its operations, the Medellín Cartel brought in more than US$70 million per day (roughly $26 billion in a year). As powerful as you can get every intelligence about you. Quello che però non ci si aspetta sono le cifre effettive dei guadagni del cartello di Medellìn. From [the] beginning, he was always a gentleman. Escobar and Robert Vesco purchased most of the land on the island, which included a 1 kilometre (3,300 ft) airstrip, a harbor, a hotel, houses, boats, and aircraft, and they built a refrigerated warehouse to store the cocaine. [42], After becoming wealthy, Escobar created or bought numerous residences and safe houses, with the Hacienda Nápoles gaining significant notoriety. In a statement regarding the topic, the duo stated that Pablo "had committed suicide, he did not get killed. [66] Living under her assumed name, Henao became a successful real estate entrepreneur until one of her business associates discovered her true identity, and Henao absconded with her earnings. However, Escobar was vilified by the Colombian and U.S. governments,[7] who routinely stifled his political ambitions and pushed for his arrest, with Escobar widely believed to have orchestrated the DAS Building and Avianca Flight 203 bombings in retaliation. [8][48] His two brothers, Roberto Escobar and Fernando Sánchez Arellano, believe that he shot himself through the ear. Escobar was confined in what became his own luxurious private prison, La Catedral, which featured a football pitch, giant dollhouse, bar, Jacuzzi, and waterfall. TESTATA REGISTRATA AL TRIBUNALE DI MILANO [95] Details about them, and additional films about Escobar, are listed below. [17], Escobar eventually became involved in many criminal activities with Oscar Benel Aguirre, with the duo running petty street scams, selling contraband cigarettes, fake lottery tickets, and stealing cars. In The Accountant's Story, Roberto Escobar discusses how Pablo rose from middle-class simplicity and obscurity to one of the world's wealthiest men. [78], After Escobar's death, the ranch, zoo and citadel at Hacienda Nápoles were given by the government to low-income families under a law called Extinción de Dominio (Domain Extinction). Pablo Escobar se convirtió en sinónimo de la impunidad construida sobre cimientos de cocaína en la década de los 80, así lo cubrimos hace casi 30 años. Oggi un pacco di 500 elastici costa 5 dollari, con l’inflazione fate un po’ voi i calcoli. [19] Escobar began working for Alvaro Prieto, a contraband smuggler who operated around Medellín, aiming to fulfill a childhood ambition to have COL $1 million by the time he was 22. Members of the Search Bloc, and Colombian and United States intelligence agencies, in their efforts to find Escobar, either colluded with Los Pepes or moonlighted as both Search Bloc and Los Pepes simultaneously. Queste cifre vanno però associate al costo umano che comportò l’attività del cartello di Medellìn. Many there, especially many of the city's poor whom Escobar had aided while he was alive, mourned his death, and over 25,000 people attended his funeral. Juan Pablo Escobar, su hijo, con seudónimo Juan Sebastián Santos Marroquín en declaraciones que hizo a la prensa hasta hace alguno años, aclaró que su padre no le dejó nada como herencia ni a él ni a su famili… [7], After the assassination of Luis Carlos Galán, the administration of César Gaviria moved against Escobar and the drug cartels. Later, the dilapidated property was owned by Christian de Berdouare, proprietor of the Chicken Kitchen fast-food chain, who had bought it in 2014. "[49][page needed], Soon after Escobar's death and the subsequent fragmentation of the Medellín Cartel, the cocaine market became dominated by the rival Cali Cartel until the mid-1990s when its leaders were either killed or captured by the Colombian government. [76] Escobar's body was exhumed on 28 October 2006 at the request of some of his relatives in order to take a DNA sample to confirm the alleged paternity of an illegitimate child and remove all doubt about the identity of the body that had been buried next to his parents for 12 years. [20], When questioned about the essence of the cocaine business, Escobar replied with "[the business is] simple: you bribe someone here, you bribe someone there, and you pay a friendly banker to help you bring the money back. Dubbed "The King of Cocaine," Escobar is the wealthiest criminal in history, having amassed an estimated net worth of US$30 billion by the time of his death—equivalent to $59 billion as of 2019—while his drug cartel monopolized the cocaine trade into the United States in the 1980s and 1990s.[1][2]. Some people from Medellín often helped Escobar avoid police capture by serving as lookouts, hiding information from authorities, or doing whatever else they could to protect him. Pablo Emilio Escobar Gaviria ([ˈpaβlo eˈmiljo eskoˈβaɾ ɣaˈβiɾja]; Rionegro, 1º dicembre 1949 – Medellín, 2 dicembre 1993) è stato un criminale colombiano, uno dei più noti e ricchi trafficanti di cocaina e marijuana nella storia del mondo. los herederos de pablo escobar En octubre de 1987 la revista Forbes incluyó a Escobar en su lista de los hombres más ricos del mundo. A finales de la década de los 80, Pablo Escobar se encargaba de suministrar el 80 por ciento de la cocaína a nivel mundial. As powerful as you are richer than government. Fin da piccolo Pablocomincia quindi a conoscere la violenza che accompagna il traffico della droga. El que fuera el líder de la organización más grande del narcotráfico, hace que se digan muchas cosas sobre las cantidades de dinero que manejaba. In 2007, the journalist Virginia Vallejo published her memoir Amando a Pablo, odiando a Escobar (Loving Pablo, Hating Escobar), in which she describes her romantic relationship with Escobar and the links of her lover with several presidents, Caribbean dictators, and high-profile politicians. o alla nostra newsletter settimanale gratuita. I fell in love with his desire to help people and his compassion for their hardship. Biografia. The action was seen as too late. Colombian President Ivan Duque said the demolition "means that history is not going to be written in terms of the perpetrators but by recognizing the victims," hoping the demolition would showcase that the city had evolved significantly and had more to offer than the legacy left by the cartels.[88]. Initially, Pablo tried to bribe the Medellín judges who were forming a case against him and was unsuccessful. As Powerful as you can own be in richest person in the world just by selling Cocaine. The book provides a firsthand insight into details of his father's life and describes the fundamentally disintegrating effect of his death upon the family. Pablo Escobar ha trascorso decenni a combattere il governo colombiano per evitare l’estradizione negli Usa prima di rimanere ucciso in una sparatoria con la polizia nel 1993. Sebbene sia impossibile calcolare gli esatti guadagni di Pablo e della sua organizzazione, si calcola che in un anno il cartello di Medellìn fosse in grado di riscuotere dalla vendita di cocaina un totale di, Ma sono cifre che non devono sorprendere, se si aggiunge il fatto che per la fine degli anni Ottanta “The King of Cocaine” (altro simpatico appellativo) forniva quasi, consumata nel mondo; che si traduceva in un traffico di.

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