[44] The new dynasty enhanced Naples' commercial standing by establishing relations with the Iberian Peninsula. [142] Other dishes popular in Naples include Parmigiana di melanzane, spaghetti alle vongole and casatiello. Castel Nuovo has seen many notable historical events: for example, in 1294, Pope Celestine V resigned as pope in a hall of the castle, and following this Pope Boniface VIII was elected pope by the cardinal collegium, before moving to Rome. Naples is one of the main centres of Italian literature. 28. 19. Miano [72] In 2013, it was the host of the Universal Forum of Cultures and the host for the 2019 Summer Universiade. The film was directed by Neapolitan Gustavo Serena. The 2008 film Gomorrah, based on the book by Roberto Saviano, explores the dark underbelly of the city of Naples through five intertwining stories about the powerful Neapolitan crime syndicate, as well as the TV series of the same name. [21][22] By the eighth century BC, the settlement had expanded to include Monte Echia. Dans cette même partie de la Naples souterraine, il est également possible de découvrir un théâtre gréco-romain du (IVe siècle av. Même Néron voulut y jouer. ", "Il Comune - Area statistica - struttura della popolazione e territorio - città - condizione professionale", "Tasso di disoccupazione : Tasso di disoccupazione - livello provinciale", "Euromonitor Internationals Top City Destinations Ranking Euromonitor archive", "Rapporto sullo stato dell'economia della Provincia di Napoli", "The Naples Train Station-Napoli Centrale", "Istituzione di un senso unico pedonale zona Decumani nel periodo natalizio" (in Italian), "Statistics of cruise passenger arrivals", "Naples Public Transportation Statistics", Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, "The Foods of Sicily – A Culinary Journey", "Proposal of recognition of the Specialita' Traditionale Garantita 'Pizza Napoletana'", "Struffoli – Neapolitan Christmas Treats", La diète méditerranéenne. the project proved difficult to accomplish both politically and economically due to corruption as shown in the Saredo Inquiry, land speculation and extremely long bureaucracy, all these led to the project to take several decades to complete with contrasted results. Vicino piazza san Gaetano, l'Associazione Napoli Sotterranea offre ai turisti un percorso unico e suggestivo dell'altra faccia della città, quella nascosta e che un tempo fu rifugio per la popolazione a causa della peste e della guerra. Naples (/ ˈ n eɪ p əl z /; Italian: Napoli (); Neapolitan: Napule [ˈnɑːpələ, ˈnɑːpulə]; Ancient Greek: Νεάπολις, romanized: Neápolis) is the regional capital of Campania and the third-largest city of Italy, after Rome and Milan, with a population of 967,069 within the city's administrative limits as of 2017. Vous pouvez partager vos connaissances en l’améliorant (comment ?) It was during this period that Christianity first arrived in Naples; the apostles Peter and Paul are said to have preached in the city. Cannavaro was captain of Italy's national team until 2010, and led the team to victory in the 2006 World Cup. Neapolitan Mouse takes place in the same city. 6. Spaghetti is also associated with the city and is commonly eaten with the sauce ragù: a popular Neapolitan folkloric symbol is the comic figure Pulcinella eating a plate of spaghetti. Naples thus joined the Kingdom of Sicily, with Palermo as the capital.[34]. [45] In 1501, Naples came under direct rule from France under Louis XII, with the Neapolitan king Frederick being taken as a prisoner to France; however, this state of affairs did not last long, as Spain won Naples from the French at the Battle of Garigliano in 1503. 9. 30. [66] However, the late-2000s recession had a severe impact on the city, intensifying its waste-management and unemployment problems. En effet, la plupart des habitations de Naples sont construites avec du tuf prélevé sur place. Actors and comedians like Eduardo Scarpetta and then his sons Eduardo De Filippo, Peppino De Filippo and Titina De Filippo, contributed towards making the neapolitan theatre and its comedies and tragedy plays well known, such as "Filumena Marturano" and "Napoli Milionaria". He was consequently named World Player of the Year. Neapolitan cuisine emerged as a distinct form in the 18th century. Conoscerai la Napoli dei vic e vicariell (vicoli e vicoletti) che si vedono ancora oggi e che si basa su una rete di strade sotterranee antichissime. There are also a number of ancient Greco-Roman reservoirs dug out from the soft tufo stone on which, and from which, much of the city is built. Football is by far the most popular sport in Naples. Some notable comedies set in Naples include Ieri, Oggi e Domani (Yesterday, Today and Tomorrow), by Vittorio De Sica, starring Sophia Loren and Marcello Mastroianni, Adelina of Naples (Academy Award-winning movie), It Started in Naples, L'oro di Napoli again by Vittorio De Sica, dramatic movies like Dino Risi's Scent of a Woman, war movies like The Four Days of Naples by Sardinian director Nanni Loy, music and Sceneggiata movies like Zappatore, from the eponymous song by Libero Bovio, starring singer and actor Mario Merola, crime movies like Il Camorrista with Ben Gazzara playing the part of infamous camorra boss Raffaele Cutolo, and historical or costume movies like That Hamilton Woman starring Vivien Leigh and Laurence Olivier. The San Pietro a Majella music conservatory, founded in 1826 by Francesco I of Bourbon, continues to operate today as both a prestigious centre of musical education and a musical museum. [82] The 16th-century palace of Roccella hosts the Palazzo delle Arti Napoli, which contains the civic collections of art belonging to the City of Naples, and features temporary exhibits of art and culture. [48], By the 17th century, Naples had become Europe's second-largest city – second only to Paris – and the largest European Mediterranean city, with around 250,000 inhabitants. Approximately one kilometre (0.62 miles) of the many kilometres of tunnels under the city can be visited from the Napoli Sotteranea, situated in the historic centre of the city in Via dei Tribunali. The music Opera genre of opera buffa was created in Naples in the 18th century and then spread to Rome and to northern Italy. [31][32], The duchy was under the direct control of the Lombards for a brief period, after the capture by Pandulf IV of the Principality of Capua, a long-term rival of Naples; however, this regime lasted only three years before the Greco-Roman-influenced dukes were reinstated. Jusqu'à récemment submergé par des mètres de détritus, le site a été restauré par une association et de nombreux bénévoles, et a ouvert au public fin 2010. [83] Below is a selective list of Naples' major churches, chapels, and monastery complexes: Aside from the Piazza del Plebiscito, Naples has two other major public squares: the Piazza Dante and the Piazza dei Martiri. [83] During the miracle, which thousands of Neapolitans flock to witness, the dried blood of Januarius is said to turn to liquid when brought close to holy relics said to be of his body. La Piscina mirabilis constituait le réservoir terminal de l'aqueduc. 17. Un itinerario che porterà il turista a scoprire angoli nascosti, anfratti tra storia, miti e leggende. La parte forse più emozionante del tour di Napoli Sotterranea è immaginare la vita dei rifugiati durante la guerra, in quel microcosmo sotterraneo.. Sono ben visibili sui muri i graffiti.Trasportano messaggi di vita quotidiana, come i nostri WhatsApp di oggi. [171][172][173], A list of some well-known films that take place (fully or partially) in Naples includes:[174], Naples is home of one of the first Italian colour films, Toto in Color (1952), starring Totò (Antonio de Curtis), a famous comedic actor born in Naples.[175]. Proche de la basilique San Paolo Maggiore, à piazza San Gaetano, une descente de 140 marches à 40 mètres au-dessous de la route mène à une promenade dans le sous-sol qui associe la Rome antique jusqu'au drame du dernier conflit mondial. Ruggiero Gennaro, I castelli di Napoli, Napoli, Newton & Compton, 1995, second-most populous metropolitan area in Italy, 7th-most populous urban area in the European Union, Istituto Universitario Suor Orsola Benincasa, Learn how and when to remove this template message, Ninì Tirabusciò: la donna che inventò la mossa, Learn how and when to remove these template messages, List of twin towns and sister cities in Italy, "Superficie di Comuni Province e Regioni italiane al 9 ottobre 2011", "Principali statistiche geografiche sui comuni", "Popolazione Residente al 1° Gennaio 2018", "Napoli, l'inaugurazione dell'Hub di Direzione Strategica della Nato", "Guida Michelin, trionfa Napoli: è la città più stellata d'Italia", "Neapolis Station – Archaeological Yards", "Touring Club of Italy, Naples: The City and Its Famous Bay, Capri, Sorrento, Ischia, and the Amalfi, Milano", "Belisarius – Famous Byzantine General", "Aragonese Overseas Expansion, 1282–1479", "Ferrante of Naples: the statecraft of a Renaissance prince", "Charles of Bourbon – the restorer of the Kingdom of Naples", "La dolce vita? The royal apartments are furnished with antique 18th-century furniture and a collection of porcelain and majolica from the various royal residences: the famous Capodimonte Porcelain Factory once stood just adjacent to the palace. Un substrato ricco di storia e legato alla riscoperta di un patrimonio raro, se non unico nel suo genere. [140] This originated as a meal of the poor, but under Ferdinand IV it became popular among the upper classes: famously, the Margherita pizza was named after Queen Margherita of Savoy after her visit to the city. [168] The genre became a formal institution in 1835, after the introduction of the annual Festival of Piedigrotta songwriting competition. 5. Jurisprudence studies were enhanced in Naples thanks to eminent personalities of jurists like Bernardo Tanucci, Gaetano Filangieri and Antonio Genovesi. 13. [78], Another Neapolitan castle is Castel Sant'Elmo, which was completed in 1329 and is built in the shape of a star. Naples has itself produced numerous prominent professional footballers, including Ciro Ferrara and Fabio Cannavaro. The city is situated on the Gulf of Naples, on the western coast of southern Italy; it rises from sea level to an elevation of 450 metres (1,480 ft). [76] It had also been the prison for Empress Constance between 1191 and 1192 after her being captured by Sicilians, and Conradin and Giovanna I of Naples before their executions. The Naples National Archaeological Museum is one of the city's main museums, with one of the most extensive collections of artefacts of the Roman Empire in the world. La basilica sotterranea di Porta Maggiore è una basilica neopitagorica che si trova a Roma, nel quartiere Prenestino-Labicano, vicino alla Porta Maggiore. Castel Nuovo, also known as Maschio Angioino, is one of the city's foremost landmarks; it was built during the time of Charles I, the first king of Naples. "testo" (neap. [161][162] Influenced by the Spanish, Neapolitans became pioneers of classical guitar music, with Ferdinando Carulli and Mauro Giuliani being prominent exponents. Maritime features moderate the winters but cause occasionally heavy rainfall, particularly in the Autumn and Winter months while summers are quite similar to inland areas much further north in the country with high temperatures and humidity. [136] Four public elevators are in operation in the city: within the bridge of Chiaia, in via Acton, near the Sanità Bridge,[137] and in the Ventaglieri Park, accompanied by two public escalators.[138]. Chiaia [25] The climate is a crossover between maritime and continental features, as typical of peninsular Italy. Bari Sotterranea è un viaggio urbano nel sottosuolo archeologico di Bari a cura degli archeologi accreditati dalle Soprintendenze protagonisti degli scavi stessi, e racconta la storia della città dalle sue radici più profonde. Naples is a huge city with several district articles containing sightseeing, restaurant, nightlife and accommodation listings — have a look at each of them.. Naples used to be divided into 30 quartieri (neighbourhoods), however today these neighbourhoods don't hold much administrative use but are still used by locals to refer to parts of the city. Ce chemin, au siècle suivant, est abandonné, puis, réutilisé comme abri anti-aérien durant la dernière guerre; ensuite, il devint un véritable entrepôt de voitures anciennes. In the period of Belle Époque Naples rivalled with Paris for its Café-chantants, and many famous neapolitan songs were originally created to entertain the public in the cafès of Naples. The underground caverns of Naples were born with the city and grew along with it over the years. Italy by rail, 1839–1914", "Italians around the World: Teaching Italian Migration from a Transnational Perspective", "Eddyburg.it - Bisogna Sventrare Napoli! [115][116] Naples is a major cargo terminal, and the port of Naples is one of the Mediterranean's largest and busiest. Napels is tevens hoofdstad van de regio Campanië en van de metropolitane stad Napels. Napoli sotterranea est un terme italien qui désigne un réseau de galeries souterraines et de cavités creusé par l'homme dans le sous-sol de tuf du centre historique de Naples.. Sur une longueur de 80 km, ces cavités se réfèrent à diverses époques et en particulier directement à la période où les immeubles … More modern Neapolitan films include Ricomincio da tre, which depicts the misadventures of a young emigrant in the late 20th century. The history of how this song was born was dramatised in the eponymous comedy movie "Ninì Tirabusciò: la donna che inventò la mossa" starring Monica Vitti. San Lorenzo [160], The earliest six-string guitar was created by the Neapolitan Gaetano Vinaccia in 1779; the instrument is now referred to as the romantic guitar. 27. [159] The Teatro di San Carlo, built in 1737, is the oldest working theatre in Europe, and remains the operatic centre of Naples. Piscinola-Marianella The song "Santa Lucia" played by Tom Cat in Cat and Dupli-cat traced origin from Naples. The Accademia Nazionale di Scherma (National Academy and Fencing School of Naples) is the only place in Italy where the titles "Master of Sword" and "Master of Kendo" can be obtained. Vomero Bagnoli Sotto Napoli si trova una serie di grotte e strutture create da secoli di estrazione mineraria, e la città riposa in cima ad una importante geotermico zona. Napels is een havenstad, de derde stad van Italië, en de grootste van de Mezzogiorno. Poet Salvatore Di Giacomo was one of the most famous writers in the Neapolitan dialect, and many of his poems were adapted to music, becoming famous Neapolitan songs. [121] In early 2002, there were over 249,590 enterprises operating in the province registered in the Chamber of Commerce Public Register. [122] The A3 runs southwards from Naples to Salerno, where the motorway to Reggio Calabria begins, while the A16 runs east to Canosa. Naples is internationally famous for its cuisine and wine; it draws culinary influences from the numerous cultures which have inhabited it over the course of its history, including the Greeks, Spanish and French.

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