No entanto a diferença de valores, neste caso, não esta relacionado na eficiência do tratamento. Nagryz pionowy. Simply tap to call us. Kruisbeet. The retainer will keep your teeth in place during the natural movement of your teeth, gums and jaw. Each of the six samples thereby obtained was then scanned consecutively using a nano-CT GE Phoenix Nanotom (GE Sensing & Inspection Technologies GmbH, Wunstorf, Germany), at the ENEA research centre of Brindisi (Italy). They are custom made for each individual and fit snugly so that they can gradually straighten teeth. 14. Springer Nature remains neutral with regard to jurisdictional claims in published maps and institutional affiliations. Terms and Conditions, Como o aparelho Esthetic Aligner e o aparelho lingual . Gierie WV. A tailored smile with a comfortable, invisible treatment The F22 system uses thin custom aligners made of a unique super-transparent material to gently guide the gradual and progressive movement of your teeth to the desired position. We are one of the first practice’s in the UK to offer this innovative and highly aesthetic aligner treatment. The aligners are made from the special SmartTrack material, which makes them extra comfortable and flexible. Co inni mówią o systemie Invisalign? The Auto Skeleton mode of the 3D Avizo Fire processing software (Thermo Fisher Scientific FEI, Hillsboro, OR, USA) also provided a graphical map of the gap (Fig. 3)., DOI: By using this website, you agree to our Quando costano le mascherine invisalign? Indeed, the anatomy of the occlusal sector is more complex in the posterior teeth, and the thermoforming process used to make the aligner allows less stretching in this sector. Each aligner brand we investigated had the same nominal thickness before thermoforming procedures, but differences in the manufacture and the material of the aligners make it difficult to provide a meaningful comparison. The only studies focusing on the topic have been carried out using a scanning electron microscope (SEM) to obtain microphotography of buccolingual sections of passive aligners, created by a cutting machine and fitted to stereolithographic models [21, 22]. Behandelingsopties vergelijken. 14. The force exerted on a tooth by the aligner can be dissipated by the combined action of the air in this gap and the flexibility of the periodontal ligament, which enables a tooth to move up to roughly 0.04 mm before any biochemical phenomenon at the beginning of orthodontic tooth movement (OTM) occurs [26]. Gao L, Wichelhaus A. It's easy to book your next appointment! Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. Skeleton colourimetric mapping of the distances measured. Co wyróżnia system Invisalign? O tratamento com Invisalign é a alternativa estética para metais e bráquetes para crianças, adolescentes e adultos. Além disso, existem as opções de aparelho fixos que também possuem uma vantagem estética. Nevertheless, aligners continue to grow in popularity among patients, for whom aesthetic and removable solutions are highly desirable. However, these authors also emphasised the paucity of reliable literature on the subject, and the aim of this study was therefore to compare planned and achieved tipping and rotation in patients using F22 aligners … Of course, good dental hygiene is a must after each meal but other than that they make mealtimes easier and more comfortable. In this case too, differences are likely ascribable to the manufacturing process and materials used to make the aligners. After approving the respective treatment plans, the explicit request was to obtain a perfectly passive upper aligner with no attachments or divots. J Clin Orthod. In order to overcome these limitations, we set out to investigate both the gap and thickness of six brands of aligner using a non-invasive method of industrial microtomography and conduct both 3D and 2D comparative analyses on the resulting data. Elkholy F, Schmidt F, Jäger R, Lapatki BG. Utrzymanie higieny byłoby dla mnie problemem. Tanto para a indicação do melhor tratamento ortodôntico. In order to obtain uniform results, bearing in mind that each aligner brand presented different marginal finishing, gap values were assessed occlusally with respect to a plane passing through the points A, B and C. The slices obtained passing through these points are shown in Fig. Jestem osobą, która bardzo dba o swoje zęby. Nie wyobrażam sobie noszenia aparatu stałego. Offering reduced stain characteristic of the aligner and excellent performance with low, continuous forces, all attachments used with F22 are hidden at the back of the teeth, with no ‘lines’ visible on the aligners as can often be seen with other types of aligner. As a pioneer in the Dutch invisalign, he is one of the first dentist who has achieved Gold status. New patients welcome. De todos los tratamientos, no existe ninguno tan cómodo como este. 2D analysis showed differences for both measurements. Periodontal health during clear aligners treatment: a systematic review Eur J Orthod. Visita Preliminare La pianificazione inizia con una visita ortodontica preliminare approfondita, in cui vengono raccolti i records del paziente (foto, impronte e radiografie). Our 3D analysis showed that F22 displayed the lowest measures in terms of both gap volume and mean aligner gap width, while the Airnivol showed the lowest maximum gap width overall. Gli attachment SmartForce sono piccole forme dello stesso colore dei denti che possono essere applicate ai denti, a seconda dei casi, prima o durante il trattamento. As a pioneer in the Dutch invisalign, he is one of the first dentist who has achieved Gold status. Met de My Invisalign Smile-app kun je de vooruitgang vergelijken met de 3D simulatie na het wekelijks vervangen van de aligners. Non hai ancora un account? Given the size of the volumetric files, the renderings were divided into two equal parts corresponding to the right and left sides of the arch. Simply take them off at meal times, enjoy your food and put them on again. Seeing is believing and please arrange to meet our treatment coordinator who can show you the compressions. That being said, it is generally agreed that aligners are particularly efficient at resolving malocclusions of slight to moderate complexity in non-extraction cases due to their good capacity to expand, align and level the arches [5, 11]. ⱴ With weekly aligner changes, compared with two-week aligner wear. If material is not included in the article's Creative Commons licence and your intended use is not permitted by statutory regulation or exceeds the permitted use, you will need to obtain permission directly from the copyright holder. Then, the STL file, together with the patient’s complete documentation, was sent to the other aligner manufacturers (Table 1). In order to measure the aligner gap and thickness, microtomographic photographs were obtained from a total of 18 slices virtual slices corresponding to the investigated teeth (central incisor, canine and first molar. 2018;52(12):665–74. Kwon J, Lee Y, Lim B, Lim Y. Cite this article. The design of this in vitro study had been approved by the Ethical Committee of the Postgraduate School in Orthodontics of the University of Ferrara. Passive aligners of each brand were fitted to one single resin cast prototyped … Kravitz ND, Kusnoto B, Agran B, Viana G. Influence of attachments and interproximal reduction on the accuracy of canine rotation with Invisalign A prospective clinical study. Członek zarządu European Aligner Society oraz zarządu Greek Orthodontic Aligner Society. We accept referrals from general dentists for specialist treatments and we train dentists to enchance their own skills through courses we run. Przypadki kwalifikowane do leczenia. This was accomplished in order to test the null hypothesis that there would be no differences between the six brands of aligners investigated in terms of either aligner gap or thickness. 2006;65:64–72. 73, No. The demand for such orthodontic devices has grown, and they now occupy a significant portion of the market as a valid alternative to traditional fixed appliances. Cookies policy. 2018;154(1):47–54. At The Dentist, you will be advised on the amount of time and frequency you should be wearing your retainer. Hahn W, Engelke B, Jung K, Dathe H, Fialka-Fricke J, Kubein-Meesenburg D, Sadat-Khonsari R. Initial forces and moments delivered by removable thermoplastic appliances during rotation of an upper central incisor. After this, the corresponding STL (Stereo Lithography interface format) file was obtained from the ClinCheck online platform (Align Technology, Santa Clara, CA, USA). Onderbeet. 1 is not a volume rendering of the void existing between the retainer and the teeth; it represents the medial axis function, or skeletal function or skeleton, of the void phase. There were no caries, gingival recession, cervical lesions, prostheses or teeth with reduced clinical crowns. Thinner aligners usually exhibit lower forces at the beginning, with a more progressive decrease of forces exerted during the following hours with respect to thicker aligners [20], thus providing more gentle and constant forces in the anterior region where extension of root surfaces is smaller. The null hypothesis was that there would be no detectable differences in either measurement between the aligners investigated. It is therefore conceivable that the observed differences in aligner behaviour may be due to the different temperature and pressure parameters adopted during manufacturing, as well as the viscosity and elasticity of the materials used [15, 21, 22]. O aparelho Esthetic Aligner é um aparelho ortodôntico muito eficiente e pelo fato dele ser fabricado no Brasil e não ter as taxas de importação acaba sendo mais barato que o Invisalign. Costituiscono dei minuscoli spessori su cui i nostri aligner possono applicare una forza leggera e costante. Co wyróżnia system Invisalign? Nonetheless, pairwise comparison of the various system in terms of the points on the grid revealed, once again, considerable heterogeneity between aligners, with differences failing to reach statistical significance (P > 0.05) in only seven cases. Both measures were investigated by tracing a line perpendicular to the tooth line tangent to each of these points, at × 3200 magnification. Zgryz krzyżowy. For this reason, your dentist may recommend you be fitted with a dental retainer. Il costo di un trattamento ortodontico varia ovviamente in base al caso da trattare e in base al numero di mascherine invisibili da realizzare (queste mascherine devono infatti essere sostituite ogni due settimane, in modo da mantenerle sempre attive nello spostamento). Jestem osobą, która bardzo dba o swoje zęby. Mantovani E, Castroflorio E, Rossini G, Garino F, Cugliari G, Deregibus A, Castroflorio T. Scanning electron microscopy evaluation of aligner fit on teeth. 13. ment for Invisalign was extrusion, followed by rotation [15]. Angle Orthod. 2011;33(5):476–82. statement and J Microscopy. 2016;87:11–8. Os alinhadores são, sem dúvida, as opções mais confortáveis. Estudiado por la Universidad de Ferrara y llevado a cabo por Sweden& Martina en Italia, el sistema F22 Aligner es capaz de tratar una amplia gama de problemas de alineación. Authors have stated that differences in aligner thickness can account for different mechanical properties with differences in load-deflection curves [15]. INVISALIGN – F22 ALIGNER; INVISALIGN. Automated custom-manufacturing technology in orthodontics. J Clin Orthod. Ofertas: Muchas clínicas ofrecen planes y paquetes atractivos. The aim of this study was to evaluate the predictability of F22 aligners (Sweden & Martina, Due Carrare, Italy) in guiding teeth into the positions planned using digital orthodontic setup. For this reason, your dentist may recommend you be fitted with a dental retainer. In vivo experimental investigation of tooth mobility in the human. Już dziś znajdź przeszkolonego ortodontę Invisalign w swojej okolicy! A power ridge is a feature on the aligners that delivers force on a tooth at a specified position. Proffit WR. All the manufactures of the neither the aligners nor other materials used provided any financial support or other contribution to this study, or influenced its conclusions in any way. Porównaj opcje leczenia. thicknesses, greater than 400 μm, while the blue hues correspond to areas in which the distance is minimal. Eur J Orthod. That being said, the F22 aligners were found to be most transparent, both before and after aging, followed by Invisalign and All-In, and these differences were statistically significant. To view a copy of this licence, visit Zdecydowałam się na Invisalign, bo to jedyny aparat, który można bez problemu zdjąć, by porządnie wyszczotkować zęby. Waarin verschilt de Invisalign-behandeling? As long as you follow your dentist’s instructions, you will see a definite improvement in the straightness of your teeth. This machine, which features a granite base and air-cushioned turntable to minimise friction, enables the acquisition of a series of X-rays as the sample revolves 360°. In some cases, the patient may need up to 50 or more different sets of Invisalign aligners. These impressions, together with the patient’s clinical records (diagnostic radiographic and photographic images), was sent to Align Technology (Santa Clara, CA, USA), as that manufacturer only accepts PVS impressions or STL files generated by I-Tero® ElementTM scanner (Align Technology, Santa Clara, CA, USA). It's all about the long term, let us protect your smile with ongoing examinations and hygiene appointments. The F22 Aligner yielded the greatest initial stress values, but also a high velocity of decay (54.5% in 24 hours). Chris graduated in 2006 from Academisch Centrum Tandheelkunde Amsterdam. To investigate and compare the gap (i.e. As a part of treatment plan, every interested candidate is provided with a set of aligners, with each aligner to be changed on weekly basis. F22 had the smallest aligner gap volume (106.7 mm3) and mean gap width (224.7μm), followed by Air Nivol (160.2 mm3, 250.8 μm) and then Invisalign (180.6 mm3, 269.23 μm). Encontre um ortodontista especializado em Invisalign perto de você hoje mesmo! The smallest maximum aligner gap width value was found for Air Nivol (763.65 μm), followed by F22 (857.28 μm) and then Invisalign (915.86 μm). E-mail* Password* Accedi. 2003;123:578–81. Met een transparante Invisalign-aligner worden je tanden comfortabeler rechtgezet, in slechts zes maanden 1 Power ridges can be used to … Como professor eu recomendo aos meus alunos que também façam o mesmo. Accounts and, Stay up to date with the latest practice news, offers and how to keep a healthy mouth, Copyright The Dentist UK. The first of these studies concluded that both Invisalign (Align Technology, San Jose, CA, USA) and CA-Clear Aligner (Scheu-Dental, Iserlohn, Germany) systems provided good fit. In fact, it has been reported that acceptable forces for tipping (0.5–0.75 N) and intrusion (0.1–0.25 N) may be exceeded by as much as tenfold [18]. He is a an Invisalign Clinical Speaker for Aligner Consulting. Invisalign is the most advanced and transparent aligner system in the world. Future studies should also investigate the interactions of different types of attachments and the aligner thickness and gap of a wide range of aligner systems, preferably using high-resolution micro-CT analysis, which is both non-invasive and precise. Analyzing the overall fitting of lower arch aligners, F22 provided a significantly better fitting with respect to CA Clear Aligner (P = 0.008) and Invisalign (P = 0.011). White dots indicate a minimum distance of 15 μm, and red dots greater than 400 μm. Graphical representation of aligner gap values and SD, Graphical representation of aligner thickness values and SD, The two-way ANOVA showed significant differences between the systems in terms of both aligner thickness (P = 0.012) and aligner gap (P = 0). Can I Have My Teeth Straightened Without Braces? Przypadki kwalifikowane do leczenia. California Privacy Statement, Acquisition of 3D data and tomographic images: Michele Nacucchi and Fabio De Pascalis. Przypadki kwalifikowane do leczenia. Przodozgryz. Aligner thickness may also play a role in this regard, and, in fact, our 2D analysis revealed that the aligners were generally thicker in the posterior than the anterior sectors, although both revealed a reduced values of thickness respect to pre-thermoforming values. Some authors (Luca Lombardo, Mario Palone, Niki Arveda and Giuseppe Siciliani) contributed to development of the F22 aligner system, a product distributed and sold by the company Sweden&Martina (Due Carrare, Padua, Italy) investigated here. Tanto para a indicação do melhor tratamento ortodôntico. • Duran presented the higher velocity of stress relaxation (62% in 24 hours). Privacy One set of PVS impressions (Elite HD+ Regular and Light Body, Badia Polesine, Rovigo, Italy) was obtained from a patient with skeletal Class I and minimal crowding in both arches. Trova subito l’ortodontista certificato Invisalign più vicino a te! PUL System Aligner Chewies and Removal Tool Combo for Invisalign and Aligners 4.6 out of 5 stars 310. The differences between aligner systems that we reveal may affect their clinical efficacy and efficiency, and further investigation is warranted. What are Invisalign Aligner Power Ridges? Disposal considerations Waste Disposal Method Waste disposal should be in accordance with existing federal, state and local environmental control laws. F22 biologic teeth aligners The most recent articles on the efficacy of aligners in achieving orthodontic movement have demonstrated that this type of appliance still has some important limitations. Comparisons for both measurements at 2D points outlined a high heterogeneity among aligner systems. The 2D analysis, on the other hand, revealed the great heterogeneity between aligner systems in terms of how intimately they come into contact with the tooth surface, especially at the first molar. Porównaj opcje leczenia. Przodozgryz. Am J Orthod Dentofacial Orthop. 2018;28;19(1):37. This means that the skeleton is a synthetic way to represent the shape of a pattern and in each point of the skeleton spatial graph the distance to the nearest boundary is stored. Theory session Step by step Invisalign, IDS, marketing, what Invisalign can do! 7 and 8. F22 Aligner, l’allineatore ortodontico invisibile di nuova generazione. As a part of treatment plan, every interested candidate is provided with a set of aligners, with each aligner to be changed on weekly basis. Sixteen adult patients (6 males and 10 females, mean age 28 years 7 months) were selected, and a total of 345 teeth were analysed. As regards the analysis of single movements, the literature agrees that rotation of cone-shaped teeth [4] and movements that require good root control [6] are those most difficult to obtain with aligners, while crown tipping and intrusion are the most predictable [7,8,9]. What are Invisalign Aligner Power Ridges? However, the greater gap we recorded in the posterior regions complicate this consideration. Gli attachment SmartForce sono piccole forme dello stesso colore dei denti che possono essere applicate ai denti, a seconda dei casi, prima o durante il trattamento. Therefore, we set out to investigate both the gap and aligner thickness in six aligner systems, performing both 2D and 3D measurements. 2017;151(2):407–15. Meanwhile, a single resin cast was obtained from the same STL file (E-Dentstone M; EnvisionTEC, Gladbeck, DEU) using an ULTRA 3SP Ortho 3D Dental Printer (EnvisionTEC, Gladbeck, DEU), with a printing resolution set at 50 μm3. The effect of gingival-margin design on the retention of thermoformed aligners. They are made from clear, soft and flexible plastic. Social perceptions of adults wearing orthodontic appliances: a cross-sectional study. Lombardo, L., Palone, M., Longo, M. et al. Chris graduated in 2006 from Academisch Centrum Tandheelkunde Amsterdam. Lombardo L, Arreghini A, Ramina F, Huanca Ghislanzoni LT, Siciliani G. Predictability of orthodontic movement with orthodontic aligners: a retrospective study. Thus, 34 measurements were performed per sample, and these measurements were repeated four times, giving a total of 1020 measurements. fit) and thickness of six aligner systems (Airnivol, ALL IN, Arc Angel, F22, Invisalign and Nuvola) using industrial computed tomography (CT). Each set will realign your teeth ever so slightly as long as you wear them for at least 20 hours each day. 4th ed. What are Power Ridges? Orthod Waves. He is a practice owner of ‘’Mijn Tandarts’’ in Heemskerk, since 2010. roughly 9 GB per file. fit) and thickness of six aligner systems (Airnivol, ALL IN, Arc Angel, F22, Invisalign and Nuvola) using industrial computed tomography (CT). Our results also provide a springboard for further investigation into aligner thickness. Open Access This article is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License, which permits use, sharing, adaptation, distribution and reproduction in any medium or format, as long as you give appropriate credit to the original author(s) and the source, provide a link to the Creative Commons licence, and indicate if changes were made. Springer Nature. O Clear Aligner Digital atualmente possui tecnologia alemã de escaneamento e prototipagem em impressora 3D, dando muita precisão, conforto e discrição durante o uso. Simon M, Keilig L, Schwarze J, Jung BA, Bourauel C. Forces and moments generated by removable thermoplastic aligners: incisor torque, premolar derotation, and molar distalization. He is a an Invisalign Clinical Speaker for Aligner Consulting. Progress in Orthodontics Con F22 Aligner potrai migliorare il tuo sorriso in modo graduale e discreto, mostrandolo con disinvoltura in qualsiasi fase del trattamento. VIDEO Vai alla pagina. Invisalign UP TO With remote monitoring, your orthodontist tracks your progress every 10 days and can give the go ahead to move on to your next set of aligners. Invisalign aligners work by applying a gentle force on your teeth to move them gradually. Existem vários modelos de alinhadores, tais como o Essix, Clear Aligner, Orthoaligner, Smart Aligner, mas sem dúvida alguma, o Invisalign é o mais avançado de todos. 3D analysis investigated the gap volume, the mean gap width and the maximum gap width of each sample. All authors read and approved the final manuscript. Tanden te dicht op elkaar. Além disso, existem as opções de aparelho fixos que também possuem uma vantagem estética. 5) and occlusal views (Fig. The data, images, and results of the following analyses refer to the left side of the arch. Accuracy of clear aligners: A retrospective study of patients who needed refinement. Clear aligner therapy: An overview. Invisalign cuenta con diferentes tipos de tratamiento, el precio de Invisalign Full, Invisalign Lite, i7 o Invisalign Teen, es diferente y fluctúa en función de la complejidad de cada caso y la tipología específica de cada paciente. Via de intra-orale scanner hoeven geen handmatige afdrukken te worden gemaakt, maar kunnen snelle en precieze digitale 3D afbeeldingen van je tanden worden gemaakt. Most patients can achieve their desired result of beautifully straight teeth within 12 months using Invisalign. 2002;47(1–2):20–5. This system is equipped with a 180 kV/15 W nano-focus tube and a high-precision and extremely stable system for positioning samples with a 2300 x 2300-pixel 2D detector (Hamamatsu Photonics, Hamamatsu City, Shizuoka, Japan). To investigate and compare the gap (i.e. 6). The world’s most advanced clear aligner system Invisalign ® braces are a series of removable and virtually invisible clear aligners which gently move and straighten your teeth. Nombre Teléfono. Angle Orthod. Utrzymanie higieny byłoby dla mnie problemem. Although originally, these studies did present some limitations, in particular regarding methodology and the low number of aligner brands taken into consideration. 2008;133:228–34. The skeleton is a descriptor of shape. Realizado en un material de gran nivel de transparencia, resulta totalmente inapreciable. Der Kieferorthopäde Harold D. Kesling verschob mit seinen Positioner-Gummi-Schienen schon 1945 schiefe Zähne an die richtige Stelle. 3. Mantovani E, Castroflorio E, Rossini G, Garino F, Cugliari G, Deregibus A, Castroflorio T. Scanning electron microscopy analysis of aligner fitting on anchorage attachments. The resulting measurements were analysed by ANOVA and compared using Tukey’s post hoc analysis (P < 0.05). 3D analysis revealed that the F22 displayed lower gap volume and mean gap width, followed by Airnivol and Invisalign, whereas Airnivol the lowest maximum gap width. Charalampakis O, Iliadi A, Ueno H, Oliver DR, Kim KB. Representative colourimetric skeleton with corresponding map of the distances measured for the six aligners from internal (a) and external (b) views, Representative colourimetric skeleton with corresponding map of the distances measured for the six aligners from occlusal view. Moreover, the augmented thickness of aligners in the posterior teeth reflects the rationale that posterior teeth, which have greater root surface extension with respect to anterior teeth [27], could benefit from higher forces and moments delivered by aligners. Known sometimes as invisible orthodontics, which offers you the choice of wearing a clear removable ‘aligner’. Lombardo L, Arreghini A, Maccarrone R, Bianchi A, Scalia S, Siciliani G. Optical properties of orthodontic aligners--spectrophotometry analysis of three types before and after aging. Efficacy of clear aligners in controlling orthodontic tooth movement: a systematic review. Before printing, the 3D printer calibration was checked in order to ascertain that the resin cast would not suffer from any deformation. Eight points were identified: 1, palatal gingival; 2, midway point between 1 and 3; 3, incisal edge; 4, midway point between 3 and 5; 5, vestibular gingival; 6, vestibular cusp; 7, palatal cusp; and 8, fossa. Contemporary orthodontics. Ryokawa H, Miyazaki Y, Fujishima A, Miyazaki T, Maki K. The mechanical properties of dental thermoplastic materials in a simulated intraoral environment. Once you’ve gone through the process you will no longer be wearing your custom aligners and it is possible that your teeth will start moving back to their original position. Password dimenticata? R-Statistical software was used to perform statistical analysis. As a result, the function graph cannot cover the entire original space and some areas of Fig. Differences in aligner gap do exist, especially in the posterior sectors, while differences in aligner thickness appeared more evenly distributed among teeth investigated. Slice passing through the interdental labial papilla between lateral incisor and canine (point A), labial papilla between first molar and second premolar (point B), and palatal papilla between premolars (point C). Na minha prática clínica diária eu ofereço as duas opções de tratamento aos meus pacientes ou seja eu ofereço o Invisalign e ofereço o Esthetic Aligner. Bowman SJ, Celenza F, Sparaga J, Papadopoulos MA, Ojima K, Lin JC. Investigated regions were the central incisor, canine and first molar. fit) and thickness of six aligner systems (Airnivol, ALL IN, Arc Angel, F22, Invisalign and Nuvola) using industrial computed tomography (CT). 2018;88(5):596–601. Leczenie Systemem Invisalign to oczywista alternatywa dla metalowych aparatów w leczeniu dzieci, nastolatków i dorosłych. We 3D printed a single resin model rather than multiple resin models for each specimen due to fact that different resin casts, even obtained using the same 3D printer at the same time, could have some micrometric variation. Forces and moments applied during derotation of a maxillary central incisor with thinner aligners: An in-vitro study. On the other hand, aligner thickness is correlated to forces and moments exerted. Tukey’s post hoc analysis comparison of means indicates which pairs of measures are statistically different. The null hypothesis was that there would be no detectable differences in either measurement between the aligners investigated. On the microphotographs thereby obtained, specific grids were constructed using ImageJ software (NIH ImageJ Software,, an open-source programme for analysing images for scientific purposes, on which 2D points were identified (Fig. Background: To investigate and compare the gap (i.e. Prog Orthod. F22 è un sistema di sottili apparecchi ortodontici rimovibili chiamati allineatori, che ricoprono interamente le arcate dentali. O tratamento com Invisalign é a alternativa estética para metais e bráquetes para crianças, adolescentes e adultos. Leczenie Systemem Invisalign to oczywista alternatywa dla metalowych aparatów w leczeniu dzieci, nastolatków i dorosłych.

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